All dogs, regardless of age, should receive vaccinations for distemper, hepatitis, parvovirus, parainfluenza, leptospirosis and rabies. These are known as the
CORE vaccines. Of these, the distemper, hepatitis, parvo and parainfluenza combo, also known as the DHPP vaccine, is administered to a
young puppy starting at 6 to 8 weeks of age. At 12 weeks of age, Leptospirosis is added, and is boostered at 16 weeks along with the 3rd DHPP combo. The DHPPL vaccine is then boostered one year later
and then based on lifestyle and exposure, will be given every one to three years. The rabies vaccine is given once as a young puppy at 12 to 16
weeks of age, one year later, and every two to three years thereafter.
The need for additional vaccines will depend on your dog's lifestyle. These are called NonCORE vaccines, and include Lyme,
Bordetella, and Canine Influenza vaccines. Speak with us at the time of a routine care visit about our recommendation
for your animal. As a general guideline:
* If you board your pet, it is REQUIRED that your pet is vaccinated against Bordetella, a highly contagious bacterial
disease that can cause "kennel cough". This vaccination is given via drops in the nose as the first dose, and boostered in a month with an injection. It is then boostered on an annual basis, as needed.
* If your dog hunts with you or you travel to Northern Minnesota or Wisconsin, you may want to consider vaccinating against Lyme
Disease. The vaccination is given in a series of two injections one month apart. It is an annual vaccination thereafter.
* Gehrman Animal Hospital also recommends vaccination against Leptospirosis for most dogs. This bacterial disease has shown
significant rise in incidence since 2005 and could result in death or permanent organ damage. This inoculation
needs to be given twice the first year and yearly thereafter.
Because puppies are often infected with intestinal parasites from their mother, multiple doses of deworming medication are routinely given.
A stool sample should be tested at the time of the first and the third vaccinations. Intestinal parasites can be especially hard on
younger animals, so it is important to diagnose and treat any of these infestations.
Factors such as whether or not your cat is an indoor or outdoor pet, or whether or not he/she comes in contact with outdoor cats will
determine your pet's recommended vaccinations.
The set of CORE vaccinations that all cats should receive are:
is composed of Feline Distemper, Rhinotrachetis (a
herpes virus), Calicivirus, and Chlamydia|
FDVRTC vaccine is given three times to young kittens starting at 6 to 8 weeks of age, 12 weeks and 16 weeks of age. The vaccine
is boostered one year later and depending on the lifestyle of the cat every one to two years
The rabies vaccine is given at 12 to 16 weeks of age, one year later and then every two to three years (we recommend every two years in outdoor cats).
It is very important to keep up with your pet's vaccinations,
especially those done in a series. If the subsequent vaccinations are not done in a timely manner, the series must be restarted.
* Feline leukemia is a non-CORE vaccination
Feline leukemia vaccine is recommended for cats going or living outdoors, and having the potential of being bitten by stray or
carrier cats. It is given twice the first year, and boostered annually thereafter. The GAH does not recommend the use of the FIV or FIP vaccines.